Bhasma is an ash obtained through incineration; raw materials are processed for purification and this process involves incorporation of some their minerals or herb extract which leads to various reactions in processed material. Bhasma are important in maintaining optimum alkalinity for good health, neutralizing harmful acids that lead to diseases bhasma not only provides adequate energy to carry out various activities but also has a calming effect on both the mind and body.
Introduction to Abraka
Abraka is the first drugin “maharasa group”. It is called as ‘Mica’ in English. The word Mica is derived from the Latin term ‘micare’ which means ‘to glitter’.
Mica is widely distributed and occurs in igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary regimes. Large crystals of Mica used for various applications are typically mined from granitic pigments.
India is the leading producer of mica. The regions of Bihar and AP are chief sources of mica in India. It is also found in Karnataka, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
ABRAKA IN AYURVEDIC ORIGIN
The first refrence for ‘arbraka’ can be traced from ‘Koutilya Arthasastra’ belonging to 4th century BC. The name of ‘vajrabhraka’ is found in this book in the context of ‘artificial gold preparation’. Its refrence is also found Nyayadarshana, Amarakosha and specified for “Dhatuvada” purpose.
TYPES OF ABRAKA
- Shweta abraka
- Rakta abraka
- Krshna abraka
- Pita abraka
And in this only “krshna abraka“ is the one which is therapeutically used.
KRSHNA ABRAKA is of four varieties-
- Pinaka krshna abraka
- Naga krshna abraka
- Manduka krshna abraka
- Vajra krshna abraka
SHRESTHA ABHRAKA PROPERTIES –
The abraka, which is like black like ‘nilanjana’ in appearance, which is snigdha, heavy and bright with separate layers and which is soft to touch; is considered the best variety of abraka. All these properties are seen in “Krsna vajrabhraka”.
PREPARATION OF ABHRAKA BHASMA
Dhanyabhraka is taken in a clean khalwa yantra and subjected for thorough trituration with “Kasamarda Swarasa or Kwatha”. Later the ‘cakrikas’ of the desired size and shape are prepared and dried under sun. These dry cakrikas are enclosed in a “sarava samputa’ and subjected for one “Gaja puta”
And the same procedure is done for 10 times subjecting the Abraka to 10 Gaja putas so that we obtain appropriately prepared brick red coloured abhraka bhasma.
How to do GAJA PUTA?
- Shape – square shape pit
- Size – 1*1*1 nrupa hasta i.e 1 nrupa hasta is 22 inch
- Heating means – Total of 1000 cow duns cakes are taken.
- 750 cow dung cake placed at base.
- Then Sarava samputa or Musa or Crucible is placed.
- 250 Cow dung cakes are placed above it.
- 750 cow dung cake placed at base.
(Note- in the Sarava samputa the required drug in this case Abraka is kept for Maarana)
- Fuel – Cow dung cakes
- Procedure –
- cow dung cakes are arranged as per the pattern
- Then these cow dung cakes are lit on fire until they are completely burnt.
- Allow it to Swanga sheeta i.e self cool
- Then the Sarava samputa is taken out
- Processed Abraka bhasma is collectecd from it
- In this case it should be subjected to 10 such Gaja Puta to get the best Abraka bhasma without any impurities.
Dhanyabhraka is taken in a clean khalwa yantra along with equal quantity of ‘guda’ i.e jiggery and subjected for thorough trituration with ‘eranda patra swarasa’.
Later chakrikas of desired size and shape are prepared (chakrika are small wheel like structre), dried under sun.
Then it is enclosed in the Sarava samputa and subjected to 1 Gaja puta
All this process is repeated for 3 times to subject the Abraka to 3 Gaja puta to obtain appropriately prepared lustre free Abraka bhasma
Dhanyabhraka is triturated for 5 times with each of ‘musta swarsa’, ‘kadali swarasa’, ‘tanduliya swarsa’, ‘bhrngaraja swarasa’, and ‘triphala kwatha’ and it is exposed to gaja puta each time.
Like this, it will be 25 Gaja puta in total.
At the end of the bhasma is added with equal quantity of “shudda gandhaka” and subjected to the 26th gaja puta to obtain appropriately prepared ‘abraka bhasma’.
ABHRAKA BHASMA LAKSHANA
- Lustre free
- Reddish in colour
- Micro fine powder
- Very soft to touch
ABHRAKA BHASMA DOSE AND ADJUVANT –
The dosage property prepared ABHRAKA BHASMA is from 1 to 2 ratti (125 to 250) administered twice or thrice daily along with honey, ghee, butter or any other suitable adjuvant.
ABHRAKA BHASMA PROPERTIES
Appropriately prepared ABHRAKA BHASMA will be “snigdha” with “sheeta virya” and “madhura rasa”.
Its judicious use provides healthy and long life. This medicine is –
- Good for hair
- Provides good body complexion
- It is good for eyes
- Improves intellect
- Encourages lactation
- Provides stability and firmness in the body
- Improves sexual desire
- It protects the person from all the ‘maha roga’
- Brings calmness to mind
- Improves reproductive capacity of humans
- It keeps the person active by droving off the laziness.
ASHUDDHA ABHRAKA BHASMA – HAZARDS
If the preparation of the bhasma is done with ashuddha abraka and still administered, then it causes kusta roga (skin diseases), kshaya roga (emaciation), pandu roga (anaemia), sotha(oedema) and cardiac region and flanks. It causes loss of appetite and is guru for digestion.