Ayurveda is not just limited as an alternative medicine system but it much more than that and always has been. We prefer the modern medicine or allopathic medicine because of its quick actions on the body but there are many side effects of fast healing too and blaming medicines is not what we convey here as both allopathic and ayurvedic medicines go hand in hand. No system is inferior or superior in the aspect of medicine. But do we actually know everything about Ayurveda? I don’t think so. Ayurveda is like an ocean and according to me we are either on the edge or just swimming on the surface and to measure the depth of this system, its is quite impossible. I have come across my own friends who aren’t in the field of medicine or even if they are in the field of medicine (MBBS or any other course) who think that Ayurveda is just about plants or planting seeds and they don’t even know what an Ayurveda degree is called and that’s ineffably annoying. So here is everything you need to know about ayurveda before opting the course or maybe just for your knowledge.
WHAT IS AN AYURVEDIC DEGREE?
Ayurvedic degree is called BAMS and that abbreviates as Bachelor in Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery. There are different degrees that is related to AYUSH that being Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy. All of these courses are related to our Indian culture and ancient medicines.
DO AYURVEDIC PRACTITIONERS ARE ACTUALLY CALLED AS DOCTORS?
YES! We are addressed as doctors and the degree offers us the privilege to be called as Doctors. There is no doubt that all the practitioners related to AYUSH are addressed as Doctors.
So now the question is WHAT DO WE ACTUALLY STUDY IN BAMS?
There is one more myth that Ayurveda is just related to studying plants and it isn’t efficient, but that’s not the case. In Ayurveda we study about ancient science in lame man terms that’s true but we do even study modern aspect. I know it’s a little confusing but that’s actually true. We study both modern and ayurvedic aspects of medicine and we even focus on mainstream Ayurvedic scriptures like Charaka Samhita, Sushrutha Samhita etc. These names might be familiar at least i had come across these names in my science textbooks. We totally have 19 subjects in Ayurveda and 5 main stream subjects that are completely focused on Ayurveda. The other 14 subjects focus on both ayurvedic and modern aspects.
HOW MANY YEARS IS THIS COURSE?
It is as same as MBBS 5 and half years. 1st, 2nd and 3rd years are just for a year and the 4th year is for 1 and half year. The last year would be internship and that completes the course.
Unfortunately if you don’t pass any subject, the total time you get to complete the course is 9 years and for each subject we get 5 attempts. So in this due course time you have to complete the course. So currently we have RS 6 batch (RS – Rescheduled).
WHAT ARE THE MAIN STREAM SUBJECTS WE STUDY?
Let’s take a tour of the subjects we study which only focus on just Ayurveda. First year of BAMS we have 3 hard core Ayurvedic subjects they are –
- Astanga Hrudaya
- Padartha Vignaana
And yes it is completely in Sanskrit not only this every mainstream Ayurvedic subjects are in Sanskrit the mother of all the languages.
In the Second year and Third year we have Charaka Samhitha, the classic and of the most ancient books that everyone refers in Ayurveda. A real fascinating subject to read and understand.
In the fourth year, we have PANCHAKARMA as a subject. As you might have heard ayurvedic massage and other similar things that is basically this subject.
The details of every subject will be explained in another blog.
WHAT ARE THE SUBJECTS STUDIED IN BOTH ASPECTS?
In the first year we have subjects as –
- Rachana Sharira that correlates in modern aspect as Anatomy.
PS : This is my most favourite subject and one of the most difficult subject too. Duh its medical !
- Kriya Sharira that correlates in modern aspect as Physiology.
In the second year we have subjects as –
- Dravya guna that correlates in modern aspect as Pharmacology.
- Roga Nidana that correlates in modern aspect as Pathology.
- Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana that correlates in modern aspect as Pharmaceutics.
In the third year we have subjects as –
- Agada tantra, Vyavahra evum Vidhivaidyaka that correlates in modern aspect as Toxicology, Forensic Medicine and Medical Jurisprudence
- Swastha vritta that correlates in modern aspect as Community health
- Prasuti Tantra and Stri Roga that correlates in modern aspect as Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- Kaumarbhitya that correlates in modern aspect as Pediatrics
In the fourth year we have subjects as –
- Kayachikitsa that correlates in modern aspect as Medicine and Treatment
- Shalya Tantra that correlates in modern aspect as Surgery
- Shalakya tantra that correlates in modern aspect as ENT
- Research methodology and Medical statistics
IS SANSKRIT BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE IMPORTANT or NECESSARY FOR BAMS?
No, I’m a proper Kannadiga (I’m from Karnataka) and I never had any background of Sanskrit language. As we have a subject called Sanskrit, they teach us from the scratch. When I tell scratch I mean from the letters, small words and basic grammar and a little effort would make Sanskrit is a easy language and subject.
So BAMS is the Ayurvedic degree and it is 5 and half years course. We are called as doctors .We study Ayurvedic concepts as well as modern concepts and Sanskrit background, well not necessary.